Caribbean-Florida Water Science Center
Southwest Florida Coastal and Wetland Systems Monitoring
Project Chief: Edwardo Patino
Hydrologic information throughout the Everglades ecosystem is essential to the development of restoration strategies and for future evaluation of restoration results. There are significant hydrologic information gaps in Everglades wetlands and estuaries that need to be addressed, particularly along Florida's southwest coast. Among these data gaps are information on flow, water level, and salinity. This project, in conjunction with the Everglades National Park's (ENP) marine monitoring network, will provide water level, salinity, and flow information at key points within the mangrove zone along the southwest coast of ENP. This project also will include a wetland component designed to provide water level, salinity, and "sheet flow" velocity at selected points within the "sloughs" (flow paths) flowing into the estuaries. Hydrodynamic modelers of the Everglades, Florida Bay, southwest coast estuaries, and other adjacent marine systems, will use these data to calibrate and verify models describing flow patterns throughout ENP.
Data collection at all flow sites includes continuous (15-minute interval) measurements of water level, water velocity, salinity, and temperature. Calibration measurements of discharge (no discharge measurements at wetland sites) also are made. Data collection at sites without the flow component will include continuous (15-minute interval) measurements of water level, salinity, and temperature. Most continuous data are recorded by data collection platforms and transmitted every 4 hours to Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) into the database of the USGS office in south Florida. For stations at which transmission of data is not possible or required, data will be logged, retrieved, and stored into the database of the USGS office in south Florida.
For a list of products go to: https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/index.php?project_url=sys_monitor#publications